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Frequently Asked Questions  Diesel Generators

Some questions are more common than others. Explore the FAQs below to obtain insight on the products that interest you the most.

What is wet stacking?

Diesel engines operate by compression ignition, in which the air/fuel mixture are compressed until auto-ignition occurs. As the load level is increased on the engine, cylinder temperature will rise, increasing the amount of fuel that combusts. If the engine is lightly loaded, unburned fuel will enter the exhaust manifold, pipes and turbocharger, building up over time. This is evident from black exhaust smoke during steady state operation. In order to reverse a wet stacking condition, the engine must be heavily loaded for an extended period of time.

What are the consequences of lightly loading a genset?

A lightly loaded genset doesn't produce enough heat to sustain every sub-system within the generator, mainly the after treatment and other emissions related components. While this does not have long-term consequences from short durations or infrequent situations, long term light loading can cause sub-system failure from wetstacking, DPF clogging, EPR valve freezing, and others.

What is considered lightly loaded?

A generator is considered lightly loaded below 30% rated load.

What is Regeneration?

Some interim and final tier 4 diesel engines are equipped with a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) that reduce diesel particulate matter from being released into the atmosphere. Regeneration is the process of cleaning the DOC & DPF. If the unit is properly loaded, regeneration occurs passively from elevated exhaust temperatures. If the soot load level exceeds 60%, active regeneration will occur, during which diesel is injected into the filter to dramatically increase the exhaust temperature. Between 80-100%, the engine will automatically de-rate 50% which can cause issues with connected electrical loads. If the engine exceeds 100%, service regeneration is required.

What is HEST?

HEST stands for High Exhaust System Temperature. When the engine is in an active or forced regeneration cycle, diesel fuel is being injected into the exhaust after-treatment to burn off the accumlated particulate matter. This dramatically increases the temperature of the exhaust.